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The FY2013 Federal Budget
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President Obama Releases FY2013 Federal Budget Proposal
Congress Begins Their Budget Work
General FY2013 Budget Resources


President Obama Releases FY2013 Federal Budget Proposal

On February 13, President Obama released his federal budget request to Congress for the 2013 fiscal year, which begins October 1, kicking off the annual federal funding process. The $3.8 trillion proposal, which virtually matches his FY2012 funding request total, sees a shift in the Administration’s focus from temporary stimulus measures to longer-term initiatives aimed at spurring economic growth through investments in manufacturing, infrastructure development, and education and training initiatives to better prepare Americans for the new skills they need to succeed in a 21st century economy.

Obama Administration Resources on Budget Release

Budget Overview and Documents. Office of Management and Budget.

2013 Education Budget: What it Means For You. U.S. Department of Education.

FY 2013 President's Budget for HHS. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

HUD Releases Proposed FY2013 Budget. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Department of Justice FY 2013 Budget Request. U.S. Department of Justice Press Release.

Statement from Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack on the Proposed FY 2013 Budget. U.S. Department of Agriculture.

U.S. Department of Labor Releases Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Request. U.S. Department of Labor.

Resources and Analysis: President Obama's FY2013 Budget Request

Obama Proposal Could Lead to Bigger Domestic Cuts, Smaller Defense Cuts. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, February 17, 2012.

President Obama’s FY 2013 Budget: Supporting Key Investments for Women and Fairer Taxes. National Women's Law Center, February 16, 2012.

Investing for Today and Tomorrow: Early Learning in the Federal FY 2013 Budget Proposal. National Institute for Early Education Research, February 16, 2012.

Key Questions on the Obama Administration's 2013 Education Budget Request. New America Foundation.

How Does the Obama Budget Do In Meeting Deficit Reduction Goals? Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, February 13, 2012.

President's FY2013 Budget Protects Nation's Safety Net. Food Research and Action Committee, February 13, 2012.


Speaker Boehner: President’s Budget Bad for Jobs and America’s Seniors. (Press Release).

The President’s Budget: What a Failure of Leadership Looks Like. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell. (Press Release)

Conrad Statement on President Obama's FY 2013 Budget. Senate Budget Committee. (Press Release).

Ryan: President’s Budget Ensures Debt Crisis and Decline. House Budget Committee. (Press Release).

News Articles: President Obama's FY2013 Budget Request

Obama Budget Touts Selective Boosts in Ed. Funding. Ed Week, February 14, 2012.

Obama Budget: National Debt Will Be $1 trillion Higher in a Decade Than Forecast. The Washington Post, February 13, 2012.

Obama Faces Task of Selling Dueling Budget Ideas. New York Times, February 12, 2012.


Congress Begins Their Budget Work

The Ryan House Republican Plan

On March 20, Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI), chairman of the House Budget Committee, released his budget proposal for the 2013 federal year. The plan, supported by the House Republican caucus, would reduce the federal debt through deep cuts to domestic programs, reshaping Medicare and Medicaid, and restructuring the tax code to lower tax rates.

Democrats in both chambers quickly condemned the plan, calling it devastating for low-income and middle class families at the expense of the wealthy. They also critized the plan's overall spending level, which is $19 billion less than what was agreed to by both parties in the Budget Control Act passed in August. Instead, House Democrats released their own FY2013 budget plan on March 27 that seeks to maintain critical investments to spur economic growth while eliminating tax loopholes.  

Despite the different budget plans, House Republicans moved forward with a vote on the House floor of the Ryan Republican budget package on March 29. It passed with a vote of 228-191, providing appropriators an overall spending figure of $1.028 trillion to use when determining specific program funding levels for FY2013 appropriation bills.

Senate Efforts

Meanwhile the Senate Budget Committee, debated a a long-term deficit reduction plan proposed by Chairman Kent Conrad (D-ND) on April 18, but the panel recessed without taking up amendments or voting on the measure. The effort was criticized by Republicans because it failed to address spending priorities for the 2013 fiscal year. With little movement on the plan, Senate leaders instead focused on moving individual appropriation bills.

The Six-Month Continuing Resolution

With only 11 of 12 Senate approrpriation bills and six of 12 House bills passed out of Committee before the August recess, Congress was quickly running out of time to come to an agreement on FY2013 spending levels before the start of the fiscal year on October 1, 2012. As a result, Congress and the Administration have endorsed a plan that would fund the government through March 2013. The plan, based on the $1.047 trillion funding cap for annually appropriated programs for FY2013 established in the 2011 Budget Control Act, is $4 billion above FY2012 levels of $1.043 trillion.

On September 13, the House passed their six-month spending bill with a vote of 329-91. The Senate cleared the bill 62-30 on September 22. 

Passage of the continuing resolution took regular appropriations off the table during the post-election "lame duck" session of Congress when the biggest issues were the impending across-the-board sequestration cuts set to take effect on January 2 and the expiration of the Bush-era tax cuts on December 31.


Self-Inflicted Wounds: Protecting Families and Our Economy from Bad Budget Choices. Coalition on Human Needs, March 29, 2012.

Medicare in the Ryan Budget. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, March 28, 2012.

What Do Those "Other Budgets” Mean for Kids? First Focus, March 28, 2012.

House Republicans Release Limited Details on 2013 Budget Resolution. New America Foundation, March 27, 2012.

Ryan Budget Would Slash SNAP Funding by $134 Billion Over Ten Years. Center for Budget and Policy Priorities, March 22, 2012.

Analysis of Chairman Ryan’s 2013 Budget Proposal. Peter G. Peterson Foundation, March 21, 2012.

Reaction and Press Releases

Ryan: President’s Budget Ensures Debt Crisis and Decline. House Budget Committee (Press Release).

Statement by White House on the Ryan Republican Budget. White House (Press Release).

Statement of Robert Greenstein, President, on Chairman Ryan's Budget Plan. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

Ryan’s Budget Proposal: A Down Payment on the Common Defense. The Heritage Foundation.

Ryan Budget: Weakening Our Nation to Give Trillions to the Super Rich. Coalition on Human Needs.

News Articles

House Passes Stopgap Funding Bill to Keep Government Open Until After Election. Washington Post, September 13, 2012.

Boehner, Reid Reach for Early Deal to Avert Shutdown. Washington Post, July 31, 2012.

Paul Ryan Budget Passes on Partisan Vote. Politico, March 29, 2012.

Democrats Release Budget to Compete with Ryan Plan. The Washington Post, March 27, 2012.

House G.O.P. Lays Down Marker With New Budget Plan. The New York Times, March 21, 2012.

GOP Budget Plan Cuts Deeply into Domestic Programs, Reshapes Medicare, Medicaid. The Washington Post, March 20, 2012.


General FY2013 Budget Resources

Policy Basics: Introduction to the Federal Budget Process. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

FY2013 Federal Budget Proposals. Grantmakers for Children, Youth and Families, April 11, 2012.

Status of Appropriations Legislation for Fiscal Year 2013.

Update on House Budget Process Bills. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, January 25, 2012.

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